Turkey And European Union Agreement

The EU and Turkey meet regularly to discuss issues and best practices in implementing the agreement. Committees meet regularly. The EC-Turkey trade agreement on agricultural products (Annex I of the Treaty of Amsterdam: see list of products concerned) stems from decision 1/98 of the Association Council of 25.02.1998 (JO L 307 of 16.12.1998, p. 1). Amendment of Protocol 3 on Rules of Origin On 20 March 2016, an agreement between the EU and Turkey to deal with the migration crisis formally came into force. The agreement is expected to limit the influx of irregular migrants entering the EU via Turkey. A key aspect of the agreement is the return to Ankara, the Turkish capital, of irregular migrants, who are found to have entered the EU via Turkey without having already been the subject of a formal asylum application procedure. Those who have bypassed the asylum procedure in Turkey would be returned and placed at the end of the application line. The customs union has increased both imports and exports to Turkey[3] and its GDP per capita.

[4] Turkey`s accession to the customs union has played an important role in the transition of its economy from agriculture to industry. [5] Trade in agricultural commodities is covered by three bilateral agricultural agreements negotiated between Iceland, Norway and Switzerland/Liechtenstein and Turkey. These agreements are part of the instruments for setting up the free trade area between the EFTA countries and Turkey. They provide for significant concessions on both sides, taking into account the respective sensitivities. Each agreement contains specific rules of origin, usually based on “fully preserved” criteria. The EEC Council of Ministers followed Turkey`s request and proposed the creation of an association until Turkey`s circumstances allowed turkey to join. The negotiations that followed culminated, on 12 September 1963, in the signing of the agreement creating an association between the Republic of Turkey and the European Economic Community (the “Ankara Agreement”). This agreement came into force on December 1, 1964. The agreement covers trade in industrial products, fish and seafood products and processed agricultural products.

The transition period ended on January 1, 1999. In addition, bilateral agricultural agreements have been concluded between the various EFTA states and Turkey, which are part of the instruments for creating the free trade area. In December 2016, the European Commission published an assessment proposing to update and modernise the agreement, which includes services and public procurement. [9] The report ends with two options; Improved trade framework (ECF) or comprehensive free trade agreement (ACFTA). [10] Starting in 2020, the Council has not yet adapted the proposal. Since 2015, the Turkish government has held several meetings to assess the update of the agreement. [11] The “final phase” foreseen by the Ankara Agreement was to complete the creation of a customs union between the EC and Turkey. On 6 March 1995, the Association Council adopted a “decision on the customs union (Decision 1/95) ” on the implementation of the final phase of the customs union between Turkey and the EC. Thus, 22 years of “transition” were completed in the Additional Protocol on 1 January 1996 and the final phase of Turkey`s accession to the EU was launched.